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Review Conference of the Rome Statute
Review Conference of the Rome Statute
On 31 May 2010, the Review Conference of the Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court (ICC) opened in Kampala, Uganda.
The first-ever Review Conference on the Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court (ICC) took place in Kampala, Uganda from 31 May to 11 June 2010. ICC states parties, observer states, international organizations, NGOs, and other participants discussed proposed amendments to the Rome Statute and took stock of its impact to date, making the Conference a critical milestone in the evolution of the Rome system. More than 600 Coalition members played a central role in enhancing the dialogue on the Rome system and ensured that the voices of civil society were truly heard through a number of debates, roundtables and other events.

Stocktaking
The Review Conference included a stocktaking exercise to consider the holistic success and impact of the Rome Statute to date. Debates focused on the impact of the Rome Statute on victims and affected communities, complementarity, cooperation, and peace and justice, issues truly central to the system's fair, effective, and independent functioning.

Pledges and Kampala Declaration
During the Review Conference, 112 pledges with the purpose of strengthening the Rome Statute system were made by 37 states parties, as well as the United States and the European Union. In addition, the Conference adopted the Kampala Declaration, reaffirming states’ commitment to the Rome Statute and its full implementation, as well as its universality and integrity. The Review Conference further adopted a resolution on strengthening the enforcement of sentences. In parallel, the ICC signed three agreements, with Belgium, Denmark, and Finland, on the enforcement of sentences. The Coalition and its global membership are committed to work to maintain the momentum with States, the UN, other regional bodies and the Court to ensure commitments made in Kampala result in concrete actions.

Amendments: Crime of Aggression
Following long negotiations, States Parties adopted provisions governing the terms of the Court's ability to investigate and prosecute individuals for the crime of aggression. ICC States Parties agreed upon a jurisdictional regime for the crime of aggression, which provides separate procedures depending on whether the situation was referred by the UN Security Council, or whether it came before the Court through a State referral or upon the ICC Prosecutor's initiative. The Review Conference determined that the activation of jurisdiction is still subject to a positive decision by the ASP which cannot be taken before 1 January 2017 and one year after the ratification or acceptance of the amendments by 30 states parties, whichever is later. Read more on: Crime of Aggression

Other Amendments
States Parties also agreed not to delete Article 124 - an optional protocol which allows States not to subject their nationals to the Court's prosecutions or investigations over war crimes for a seven year period - but to review it in five years. Second, States accepted to extend the use of certain weapons as war crimes in non-international conflicts.