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Kenya: Latest statements and news coverage
12 Apr 2011
Dear all, Please find below information about recent developments related to the International Criminal Court's (ICC) investigation in Kenya. On 7 and 8 April 2011, William Samoei Ruto, Henry Kiprono Kosgey, Joshua Arap Sang, Francis Kirimi Muthaura, Uhuru Muigai Kenyatta and Mohammed Hussein Ali appeared before the ICC for their alleged role in the 2007-2008 Kenyan post-election violence. ICC Pre-Trial Chamber II has provisionally set a confirmation of charges hearing for 1 September 2011 in the case against Ruto, Kosgey and Sang and to 21 September 2011 in the case against Muthaura, Kenyatta and Ali. On 31 March 2011, the Government of Kenya filed a petition challenging the ICC's involvement in the cases, which Pre-Trial Chamber II will decide upon in the coming months. This message includes the latest press statements issued by the International Criminal Court (I), Coalition member statements (II), the latest related news and opinions (III) and audiovisual resources (IV) Please take note of the Coalition's policy on situations before the ICC (below), which explicitly states that the Coalition will not take a position on potential and current situations before the Court or situations under preliminary examination. The Coalition, however, will continue to provide the most up-to-date information about the ICC. Best regards, CICC Secretariat www.coalitionfortheicc.org ************************* I. ICC PRESS STATEMENTS Note: These documents have been produced by the ICC. The CICC Secretariat distributes them as part of its mandate to keep member organizations and individuals informed about developments related to the ICC. The documents do not reflect the views of the CICC as a whole or its individual members. 1. "Confirmation of charges hearing in the case of The Prosecutor v. William Samoei Ruto, Henry Kiprono Kosgey and Joshua Arap Sang scheduled to start on 1 September 2011", ICC Press Release, http://www.icccpi.int/menus/icc/press and media/press releases/news and highlights/pr650 "On 7 April 2011, Pre-Trial Chamber II of the International Criminal Court (ICC) set the date of the beginning of the confirmation of charges hearing in the case of The Prosecutor v. William Samoei Ruto, Henry Kiprono Kosgey and Joshua Arap Sang for 1 September 2011. This decision was announced at the initial appearance of William Samoei Ruto, Henry Kiprono Kosgey and Joshua Arap Sang before the ICC. During this hearing, in the presence of the Prosecutor and the suspects, assisted by their Defence teams, Pre-Trial Chamber II verified the identity of the suspects and ensured that they were clearly informed of the crimes which they are alleged to have committed and of their rights under the Rome Statute of the ICC. …During the hearing, the Presiding Judge also stressed that: "It came to the knowledge of the Chamber by way of following some articles in the Kenyan newspapers that there are some movements towards retriggering the violence in the country by way of using some dangerous speeches. I would like to remind the suspects - and I'm not referring to anyone in particular but this is a general point to be made to all the suspects - that such type of action could be perceived as a sort of inducement which may constitute the breach of one of the conditions set out in the summonses to appear, namely, to continue committing crimes within the jurisdiction of the Court. Accordingly, this might prompt the Chamber to replace the summonses to appear with warrants of arrest (…)…." 2. "Confirmation of charges hearing in the case of The Prosecutor v. Francis Kirimi Muthaura, Uhuru Muigai Kenyatta and Mohammed Hussein Ali scheduled to start on 21 September2011", ICC Press Release, 8 April .2011, http://www.icc-cpi.int/NR/exeres/9D747E05-8E7F-46BB-9FB1-93019CF77D55.htm "Today, 8 April 2011, Pre-Trial Chamber II of the International Criminal Court (ICC) set the date of the beginning of the confirmation of charges hearing in the case of The Prosecutor v. Francis Kirimi Muthaura, Uhuru Muigai Kenyatta and Mohammed Hussein Ali for 21 September 2011. "This date was announced at the initial appearance of Francis Kirimi Muthaura, Uhuru Muigai Kenyatta and Mohammed Hussein Ali before the ICC. During this hearing, in the presence of the Prosecutor and the suspects, assisted by their Defence teams, Pre-Trial Chamber II verified the identity of the suspects and ensured that they were clearly informed of the crimes which they are alleged to have committed and of their rights under the Rome Statute of the ICC. …During the hearing, the Presiding Judge also stressed that: "It came to the knowledge of the Chamber through following some articles in the Kenyan newspapers that there are movements towards retriggering the violence in Kenya, by way of delivering dangerous speeches. I would like to remind the suspects - and note that I am not referring to anyone in particular. This is a general point to be made to all the suspects - such action could be perceived as a breach of one of the conditions clearly set out in the summonses to appear namely, to continue committing crimes within the jurisdiction of this Court. Accordingly, this might prompt the Chamber to replace the summonses to appear with warrants of arrest. However, the Judges would not prefer to resort to such a drastic measure and would rather (and we assume the suspects endorse this view) continue carrying out the proceedings smoothly and respecting the liberty of the three suspects"…" II. MEMBER'S PRESS STATEMENTS 1. "Kenya's application before the International Criminal Court: A promise is not enough to pre-empt the Court's jurisdiction", Amnesty International, Public Statement, 06 April 2011, http://www.amnesty.org/en/library/info/AFR32/003/2011/en "Amnesty International is concerned at an application filed by Kenya before the Pre-Trial Chamber II of the International Criminal Court (ICC), requesting the Chamber to determine that the two cases before them on the 2007-2008 post-election violence in Kenya are inadmissible and should be deferred to Kenya's national courts. While Kenya states in the application that all necessary reforms to investigate and try all cases arising from the post-election violence are being put in place, Amnesty International is concerned that the application contains empty promises which cannot be used to pre-empt the Court's jurisdiction. The application states that significant amendments into Kenyan legal framework have been introduced since 2008, including the adoption of a new Constitution and the enactment of the International Crimes Act, whereby "[N]ational courts will now be capable of trying crimes from the post-election violence, including the ICC cases". The Rome Statute clearly provides that the Court shall determine that a case is inadmissible only where the case is being or has been investigated and prosecuted by a State which has jurisdiction over it. It is not enough to show that it is investigating a case or about to do so when the ICC Prosecutor has completed the investigation, obtained arrest warrants and is ready to prosecute the case as soon as the charges have been confirmed. Despite the content of the application, no steps have been taken so far to establish a credible local judicial process that would have jurisdiction over the six persons against whom summons to appear were issued. Kenya has declared in its application that it would not be able to complete its investigations until September 2011, while the Prosecutor of the ICC is ready to prosecute any or all of the six suspects named in ICC summonses if/when the Pre-Trial Chamber confirms the charges. Granting the application would only delay prosecutions and justice, both for the victims and for the suspects. Amnesty International fears that given the enormous problems with the Kenyan criminal justice system, as evidenced by the way it has failed to respond, or to respond effectively to the post elections violence for more than three years, and despite the large police and judicial reform programme initiated following the enacting of the new Constitution, it will not be possible to complete the investigations of these six suspects and prosecute those against whom there is sufficient admissible evidence by September or even in the foreseeable future. The Witness Protection Amendment Act 2010, which became law in June 2010, substantially modified and improved the Witness Protection Act of 2006. The 2010 Act expanded the definition of a witness in need of protection and established an independent witness protection agency. However Amnesty International is concerned that the law is not yet fully operational and it is too soon to determine whether it will offer effective protection for victims and witnesses of the post-election violence. As of last year up to 22 witnesses who testified before a 2008 official inquiry into the post-election violence, who might be called to testify in future ICC or other court trials, were reported to be living in fear as a result of threats to their lives or security. An unknown number of other potential witnesses have had to flee Kenya in the last three years because of similar threats against them. In so far as Kenya may apply to the ICC for a deferral of the case, it must do so on the basis that it is able and willing genuinely to investigate and prosecute the crimes alleged to have been committed and provide adequate protection to witnesses or potential witnesses . Amnesty International remains concerned that this is not the case. Amnesty International urges the Pre-Trial Chamber not to delay proceedings involving the six persons named in the summonses any further. The organisation also encourages the Kenyan government to ensure that a local credible judicial process is swiftly put in place to investigate, and where there is sufficient admissible evidence, to prosecute all other persons accused of crimes and human rights abuses, including possible crimes against humanity, during the election violence. Amnesty International is also aware that the UN Security Council will hold a formal meeting on Kenya on 8 April to discuss the Kenyan government's call for the Security Council to request that the ICC defer the cases. Amnesty International remains concerned that any Security Council decision to defer the ICC's proceedings would constitute political interference with the judicial process and could result in impunity…" 2. "New Website Monitors International Criminal Court's Kenya Proceedings", Open Society Justice Initiative Press Release, 6 April 2011, http://www.soros.org/initiatives/justice/news/icc-kenya-20110406 "The Open Society Justice Initiative has launched the International Criminal Court (ICC) Kenya Monitor, www.ICCKenya.org, a website focused on the proceedings arising from the post-election violence that erupted in Kenya in December 2007. Over 1,000 people were reported killed and approximately 350,000 displaced in the subsequent turmoil. The ICC Kenya Monitor will serve journalists, academics, and others who want to follow the two cases already announced by the ICC against six Kenyan public figures. In addition to courtroom updates, commentary, and media summaries, it will provide space for comment and debate… " III. RELATED NEWS AND OPINIONS A. COALITION QUOTED 1. "It's a step to justice for victims, say lobbies," The Nation (Kenya), 7 April 2011, http://www.nation.co.ke/News/politics/Its+a+step+to+justice+for+victims+say+lobbies/-/1064/1140854/-/wyd37mz/-/index.html "The appearance of the Ocampo Six before the International Criminal Court is a major step towards achieving accountability and justice for the post-election violence victims, lobby groups declared on Thursday. More than 2,500 groups from 150 countries, however, asked The Hague-based court to increase its efforts in raising awareness in Kenya about its proceedings to avoid any misrepresentations. "By addressing the post-election violence that saw terrible acts perpetrated in Kenya, the hearings constitute a step towards accountability and justice for victims," said Mr William Pace, the convener of the Coalition for the International Criminal Court. The coalition advocates improved access to justice for victims of genocide, crimes against humanity and war crimes. Added Mr Pace; "In appearing before the ICC, the suspects will be afforded all the rights under the Rome Statute, including the presumption of innocence and the right to fair and independent proceedings."…" B. INITIAL APPEARANCES OF SIX SUSPECTS 1. "Kenya vote killings suspects return from world court," AFP, 11 April 2011, http://www.google.com/hostednews/afp/article/ALeqM5jMuyJxrIQTSUYFCUyxIJiEk_VkxA?docId=CNG.caaccf199cba50b21a3294a917693b4a.461 2. "Uhuru, Ruto accuse media of advancing PM's cause," KBC, 11 April 2011, http://www.kbc.co.ke/news.asp?nid=69751 3. "Kenya ICC suspects take conciliatory tone at rally," Reuters, 11 April 2011, http://af.reuters.com/article/kenyaNews/idAFLDE73719120110411?sp=true 4. "Mutula criticises 'Ocampo Six', supporters over planned rallies," Standard Media, 11 April 2011, http://www.standardmedia.co.ke/InsidePage.php?id=2000032894&cid=4&ttl=Mutula criticises 'Ocampo Six', supporters over planned rallies 5. "Three of the Ocampo six arrive home 'quietly'," KBC, 10 April 2011, http://www.kbc.co.ke/news.asp?nid=69732 6. "Uhuru, Muthaura and Ali to know volume of evidence against them on April 18, 2011," 11 April 2011, http://www.standardmedia.co.ke/politics/InsidePage.php?id=2000032824&cid=4 7. "ICC confirmation hearings explained," Capital FM, 10 April 2011, http://www.capitalfm.co.ke/news/Kenyanews/ICC-confirmation-hearings-explained.html 8. "How the Hague process will impact the careers of certain key politicians," The Nation, 9 April 2011, http://www.nation.co.ke/oped/Opinion/How+the+Hague+process+will+impact+political+careers/-/440808/1141738/-/aube9t/-/ 9. "Ocampo Six trial shapes politics at home," The Monitor Uganda, 9 April 2011, http://www.monitor.co.ug/News/National/-/688334/1141072/-/c2sc9nz/-/ 10. "Kenya's Kenyatta sings in defiance at ICC" by Thijs Bouwknegt, RNW, 8 April 2011, http://www.rnw.nl/international-justice/article/kenyas-kenyatta-sings-defiance-icc 11. "Kenya: divided down the middle by the ICC" by Richard Walker, RNW, 8 April 2011, http://www.rnw.nl/international-justice/article/kenya-divided-down-middle-icc 12. "Kenyan ministers appear before Hague court", Al-Jazeera, 8 April 2011, http://english.aljazeera.net/news/europe/2011/04/201148131234168987.html 13. "ICC Presiding Judge's fairness impresses all" by Moses Njagih, 8 April 2011, http://www.standardmedia.com/InsidePage.php?id=2000032813&cid=4 14. "Uhuru, Muthaura, Ali back at ICC on Sep 21" by Rob Jillo, 8 April 2011, http://www.capitalfm.co.ke/news/Kenyanews/Uhuru,-Muthaura,-Ali-back-at-ICC-on-Sep-21-12368.html 15. "ICC judges caution Uhuru, Muthaura and Ali", by Bernard Momanyi, 8 April 2011, http://www.capitalfm.co.ke/news/Kenyanews/ICC-judges-caution-Uhuru,-Muthaura-and-Ali-12367.html 16. "PEV victims hail Hague process", by RNW, 8 April 2011, http://www.capitalfm.co.ke/news/Kenyanews/PEV-victims-hail-Hague-process-12361.html 17. "Ocampo pressurised to disclose evidence," KBC, 8 April 2011, http://www.kbc.co.ke/news.asp?nid=69713 18. "International Criminal Court judge warns Kenyan suspects on incitement," UN, 7 April 2011, http://www.un.org/apps/news/story.asp?NewsID=38041&Cr=kenya&Cr1= 19. "NCCK happy with tough Hague rules", by Wambui Ndonga, 7 April 2011, http://www.capitalfm.co.ke/news/Kenyanews/NCCK-happy-with-tough-Hague-rules-12351.html 20. "Ocampo explains why he wants stiffer conditions for suspects" by Evelyn Kwamboka, The Standard, 7 April 2011, http://www.standardmedia.co.ke/InsidePage.php?id=2000032753&cid=4&ttl=Ocampo explains why he wants stiffer conditions for suspects 21. "Who gains from Kenya's ICC cases?", BBC, 7 April 2011, http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-africa-12831054 22. "Kenya: Three of the Ocampo six appear at ICC" by Thijs Bouwknegt, RNW, 7 April 2011,http://www.rnw.nl/international-justice/article/kenya-three-ocampo-six-appear-icc 23. "Hope for violence victims as Hague trial opens", The Nation, 7 April 2011, http://www.nation.co.ke/News/politics/Hope+for+violence+victims+as+Hague+trial+opens+/-/1064/1140244/-/a5buye/-/ 24. "ICC judges warn Kenyan suspects", by Rob Jillo, 7 April 2011, http://www.capitalfm.co.ke/news/Kenyanews/ICC-judges-warn-Kenyan-suspects-12342.html 25. "Kenyan leaders appear at Hague court over killings" by Aaron Gray-Block, Reuters Africa, 7 April 2011, http://af.reuters.com/article/kenyaNews/idAF7LDE7360PZ20110407?sp=true 26. "6 Questions about the Ocampo Six" by Mirjam van den Berg, RNW, 6 April 2011, http://www.rnw.nl/africa/article/6-questions-about-ocampo-six 27. "Ocampo Six arrive at The Hague", by Mary Daraja, KBC, 6 April 2011, http://www.kbc.co.ke/news.asp?nid=69680 28. "Ocampo seeks tough new conditions for ICC suspects", by Anthony Kariuki, 6 April 2011, http://www.nation.co.ke/News/politics/Ocampo+seeks+tough+new+conditions+for+ICC+suspects/-/1064/1140158/-/5hv25e/-/ 29. "Raila seeks harmony as ICC cases start", by Laban Wanambisi, Kenya News, 6 April 2011, http://www.capitalfm.co.ke/news/Kenyanews/Raila-seeks-harmony-as-ICC-cases-start-12335.html 30. "Kenya's Odinga Says ICC Hearings on Violence Are `Unfortunate'" By Johnstone Ole Turana and Sarah McGregor, Business Week, 6 April 2011, http://www.businessweek.com/news/2011-04-06/keny a-s-odinga-says-icc-hearings-on-violence-are-unfortunate-.html 31. "ICC judge rejects Ocampo appeal" by Bernard Momanyi, Capital FM, http://www.capitalfm.co.ke/news/Kenyanews/ICC-judge-rejects-Ocampo-appeal-12272.html 32. "Muthaura, Uhuru quit security jobs" by Peter Leftie, The Nation, 31 March 20, http://www.nation.co.ke/News/politics/Muthaura+and+Uhuru+quit+security+jobs+/-/1064/1136746/-/qhb4rx/-/ 33. "Muthaura Will Not Resign, Says Mutua" Nairobi Star (Nairobi), 31 March 20, http://allafrica.com/stories/201104010210.html 34. "Visas restrict Ocampo Six to three EU countries only", The Nation, 31 March 2011, http://www.nation.co.ke/News/politics/Visas+restrict+Ocampo+Six+to+three+EU+countries/-/1064/1136768/-/14e0pihz/ 35. "Kenya: MPs Warn Against ICC Arrests", AllAfrica, 29 March 2011, http://allafrica.com/stories/201103290321.html 36. "Kenya ICC suspects seek clarification" by Bernard Momanyi, Capital FM, 28 March 2011, http://www.capitalfm.co.ke/news/Kenyanews/Kenya-ICC-suspects-seek-clarification-12209.html 37. "Broke Sang banks on fundraising for Hague trip" by Peter Leftie, Daily Nation, 28 March 2011, http://www.nation.co.ke/News/politics/Broke+Sang+banks+on+fundraising+for+trip+to+The+Hague+/-/1064/1134840/-/urvly8z/-/ 38. "ODM double-speak and the difficult times ahead" by Billow Kerrow, The Standard, 28 March 2011, http://m.standardmedia.co.ke/opinionM.php?id=2000031994 39. "Freedom of the press versus hate speech" by Julius Bosire Daily Nation:, 27 March 2011, http://www.nation.co.ke/oped/Opinion/Freedom+of+the+press+versus+hate+speech/-/440808/1134056/-/v86uh6z/-/ 40. "Kenya: Lawyer Who Could Save the Ocampo Six" by Mugumo Munene, Daily Nation/AllAfrica, 26 March 2011, http://allafrica.com/stories/201103280159.html 41. "Raila insists on ICC trial for Ocampo Six" By Anthony Kariuki, Daily Nation, 26 March 2011, http://www.nation.co.ke/News/politics/Raila+insists+on+ICC+trial+for+Ocampo+Six+/-/1064/1133462/-/yduvkoz/-/ 42. "Prove your innocence at Hague, Ocampo Six told" by NJERI RUGENE Daily Nation, 23 March 2011, http://www.nation.co.ke/News/politics/PM+says+local+trials+require+independent+bodies/-/1064/1131542/-/aryd4lz/-/ 43. "ODM softens stance on ICC cases", KBC, 22 March 2011, http://www.kbc.co.ke/news.asp?nid=69455 44. "ICC Registrar uneasy over poll chaos victims' report" by OLIVER MATHENGE, Daily Nation, 23 March 2011, http://www.nation.co.ke/News/politics/-/1064/1131286/-/item/0/-/wk1cqj/-/index.html 45. "Ocampo Six: Victims of circumstances?", The East African, 21 March 2011, http://www.theeastafrican.co.ke/OpEd/letters/-/434756/1129634/-/did2kmz/-/ 46. "Kibaki plan to block ICC meant to protect legacy" by James Macharia, Reuters, 21 March 2011, http://af.reuters.com/article/topNews/idAFJOE72K06720110321 C. DEFERRAL ATTEMPT AT THE UNITED NATIONS SECURITY COUNCIL 47. "Wako in last-ditch bid for referral of cases," The Nation, 9 April 2011, http://www.nation.co.ke/News/politics/Wako+in+last+ditch+bid+for+referral+of+cases+/-/1064/1141872/-/13krvcx/-/ 48. "Security Council fail to agree over six Kenyan ICC cases," Coast Week, 8 April 2008, http://www.coastweek.com/3414_hague.htm 49. "UN refuses to defer cases against 6 Kenyans facing charges of crimes against humanity," AP, 8 April 2011, http://www.google.com/hostednews/canadianpress/article/ALeqM5hRn2YK5j4hGr2Y5EN1akf4L58oUA?docId=6509991 50. "UN to discuss Kenya deferral request" by Mary Daraja, KBC, 8 April 2011, http://www.kbc.co.ke/news.asp?nid=69715 51. "Kenya's ICC deferral on UN agenda" by Rob Jillo, 8 April 2011, http://www.capitalfm.co.ke/news/Kenyanews/Kenya’s-ICC-deferral-on-UN-agenda-12366.html 52. "Ban: Kenya deferral request rests with UN council" The East African, 31 March 2011, http://www.theeastafrican.co.ke/news/-/2558/1136428/-/o4f1ujz/-/index.html 53. "ODM, envoy write parallel letters to UN over deferral quest" By Alex Ndegwa, The Standard, 28 March 2011, http://m.standardmedia.co.ke/newsM.php?id=2000031923 54. "Kalonzo winds up ICC shuttle diplomacy", Capital FM, 27 March 2011, http://www.capitalfm.co.ke/news/Kenyanews/Kalonzo-winds-up-ICC-shuttle-diplomacy-12194.html 55. "Kenya seeks AU's help to defer ICC cases, again" By WALTER MENYA, Daily Nation, 26 March 2011, http://www.nation.co.ke/News/politics/Kenya+seeks+AUs+help+to+defer+ICC+cases+again+/-/1064/1133730/-/xw6pdg/-/ 56. "PM dismisses calls for deferral of ICC cases" by Catherine Achienga, KBC, 23 March 2011, http://www.kbc.co.ke/news.asp?nid=69476 57. "ICC: Envoy says Kenya meets deferral grounds" by KEVIN KELLEY, Daily Nation, 22 March 2011, http://www.nation.co.ke/News/politics/-/1064/1130852/-/7q5jbt/-/ 58. "Igad: Kenya case may trigger walkouts" By WALTER MENYA, Daily Nation, 22 March 2011, http://www.nation.co.ke/News/politics/-/1064/1130700/-/7q5iev/-/ 59. "NCCK opposes deferral of Kenya ICC cases" KBC, 20 March 2011, http://www.kbc.co.ke/news.asp?nid=69422 60. "Kenya could pay high price over anti-ICC stance" By MURITHI MUTIGA, Africa Review, 20 March 2011, http://www.africareview.com/News/-/979180/1129524/-/hqdprez/-/ 61. "Deferral flop...what next?" By ALEX NDEGWA, The Standard, 19 March 2011, http://www.standardmedia.co.ke/InsidePage.php?id=2000031544&cid=4& 62. "UN council rejects Kenya's deferral bid" By MURITHI MUTIGA, Daily Nation, 19 March 2011, http://www.nation.co.ke/News/politics/UN+council+rejects+Kenya+deferral+bid/-/1064/1128944/-/alisyrz/-/ 63. "Nyong'o Reaffirms ODM Objective to ICC Deferral" By Isaac Ongiri Nairobi Star (Nairobi)/AllAfrica, 28 March 2011, http://allafrica.com/stories/201103290274.html D. ADMISSIBILITY CHALLENGE OF ICC JURISDICTION 64. "Kenya to Seek Direct Talks with ICC on Referral of Cases," Bloomberg, 11 April 2011, http://www.bloomberg.com/news/2011-04-11/kenya-to-seek-direct-talks-with-icc-on-referral-of-cases-1-.html 65. "Kenya Files Challenge Against ICC's Post-Election Violence Cases" by Sarah McGregor – 1 April 2011, http://www.bloomberg.com/news/2011-04-01/kenya-files-challenge-against-icc-s-post-election-violence-cases.html 66. "ICC: Pursuit of inadmissibility shouldn't be seen as lost cause" by Ms Kilonzo, 31March 2011, http://www.nation.co.ke/oped/Opinion/Pursuit+of+inadmissibility+shouldnt+be+seen+as+lost+cause+/-/440808/1136366/-/5f7nduz/-/ 67. "House set to debate Supreme Court Bill", Daily Nation, 27 March 2011, http://www.nation.co.ke/News/politics/House+set+to+debate+Supreme+Court+Bill+++/-/1064/1134102/-/mmkl6pz/-/ 68. "Raila: Foreign judges must head local Tribunal" BY ANTHONY KAGIRI, Capital FM, 26 March 2011, http://www.capitalfm.co.ke/news/Kenyanews/Raila:-Foreign-judges-must-head-local-Tribunal-12189.html 69. "ODM disowns efforts to challenge ICC cases" by JOHN NGIRACHU, PETER LEFTIE, Daily Nation, 23 March 2011, http://www.nation.co.ke/News/politics/ODM+disowns+efforts+to+challenge+ICC+cases/-/1064/1131608/-/view/printVersion/-/miop7q/-/index.html 70. "Raila gives tough set of conditions for local tribunal" By Martin Mutua and Beauttah Omanga, The Standard, 23 March 2011, http://www.standardmedia.co.ke/InsidePage.php?id=2000031809&cid=4& 71. "Kibaki urges MPs to pass reform Bills", by ANTHONY KARIUKI, Daily Nation, 22 March 2011, http://www.nation.co.ke/News/politics/-/1064/1130728/-/7q5igv/-/ 72. "EU Says Reformed Kenyan Courts Could Try ICC Violence Suspects" By Sarah McGregor, Bloomberg Businessweek, 22 March 2011, http://www.businessweek.com/news/2011-03-22/eu-says-reformed-kenyan-courts-could-try-icc-violence-suspects.html 73. "Tackle ICC before April 1, says Mutula" By OLIVER MATHENGE, Daily Nation, 20 March 2011, http://www.nation.co.ke/News/politics/Tackle+ICC+before+April+1+says+Mutula++/-/1064/1129716/-/584m7o/-/ F. OP- EDS 74. "The ICC is only a small piece in the justice puzzle of Africa's conflicts," by Phil Clark. The East African, April 11 2011, http://www.theeastafrican.co.ke/news/-/2558/1141438/-/o3vyj7z/-/ 75. "Mixed blessings: How Kenya can strengthen or weaken the ICC," by Lydiah K. Bosire for The East African (April 11 2011), http://www.theeastafrican.co.ke/news/-/2558/1141458/-/o3vyhfz/-/index.html 76. "Hague trials: Why are we playing the tribal card again?,"The East African, 11 April 2011, http://www.theeastafrican.co.ke/OpEd/letters/Hague+trials+Why+are+we+playing+the+tribal+card+again/-/434756/1141992/-/p1e8sbz/-/ 77. "Esther, the naked truth is an ugly one: Most Kenyans want The Hague," The East African, 11 April 2011, http://www.theeastafrican.co.ke/OpEd/lastword/-/434754/1142000/-/2kpugsz/-/ 78. "Ocampo: I am not playing politics," Capital FM, 11 April 2011, http://www.capitalfm.co.ke/news/Kenyanews/Ocampo:-I-am-not-playing-politics-12385.html 79. "We should allow The Hague to run its course because we chose it", by Donald B Kipkorir, 9 April 2011, The Standard, http://www.standardmedia.co.ke/politics/InsidePage.php?id=2000032976&cid=614 80. "Open Letter to Mr Luis Moreno Ocampo", 8 April 2011, http://www.diplomateastafrica.com/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=504:open-letter-to-mr-luis-moreno-ocampo&catid=36:latest 81. "MPs' failure to follow Waki's timetable led to current process in The Hague," Nation Kenya, 8 April 2011, http://www.nation.co.ke/News/politics/-/1064/1141380/-/7qrnom/-/ 82. "OPINION - Kenya: ICC - Will the Big Two Escape Unscathed?" By Kwendo Opanga, Daily Nation/AllAfrica, 26 March 2011, http://allafrica.com/stories/201103280169.html 83. "Editorial - Hardline politics will not help Kenya's case" Daily Nation, 23 March 2011, http://www.nation.co.ke/oped/Editorial/Hardline+politics+will+not+help+Kenya+case+/-/440804/1131754/-/qwf8l9/-/ 84. "An arm-wrestle for justice", The Economist, 22 March 2011, http://www.economist.com/blogs/baobab/2011/03/icc_and_kenya V. AUDIOVISUAL RESOURCES 1. "Ocampo three jet back from The Hague", National TV Kenya, 11 April 2011 http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=hcl0Ut-35Ug&feature=player_embedded 2. "Big homecoming party for Ocampo suspects", KenyaChat.com, 11 April 2011, http://kenya-chat.com/big-homecoming-party-for-ocampo-suspects/ 3. "ICC process sidetracking key issues", National TV Kenya, 11 April 2011, http://kenya-chat.com/icc-process-sidetracking-key-issues/ 4. "Capital Talk Louis Moreno- Ocampo Part 1", Capital Kenya. 9 April 2011 http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=A0sL6T_jBqQ 5. "Capital Kenya: Capital Talk Louis Moreno Ocampo Part 2", Capital Kenya, 9 April 2011 http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=b6QRAj0M-ao&feature=related 6. "The lawyers' show", National TV Kenya, 9 April 2011, http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=LhnX3vvDAHU&feature=player_embedded 7. "ICC Status Conference", Kenyacitizentv, 7 April 2011, http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2pJZQ4G8n2I 8. "Kenyan politicians to face International criminal court" Al-Jazeera, 7 April 2011, http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=LmB2PYQH8UE ******************************************************* CICC's policy on the referral and prosecution of situations before the ICC: The Coalition for the ICC is not an organ of the court. The CICC is an independent NGO movement dedicated to the establishment of the International Criminal Court as a fair, effective, and independent international organization. The Coalition will continue to provide the most up-to-date information about the ICC and to help coordinate global action to effectively implement the Rome Statute of the ICC. The Coalition will also endeavor to respond to basic queries and to raise awareness about the ICC's trigger mechanisms and procedures, as they develop. The Coalition as a whole, and its secretariat, do not endorse or promote specific investigations or prosecutions or take a position on situations before the ICC. 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