Coalition for the International Criminal Court
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Updates on Philippines
31 Dec 2005
On 10 January 2005, the Senate Minority Leader, Aquilino Pimentel Jr., assailed the Executive for its continued failure to submit the Rome Statute to the Philippine Senate for ratification. The Philippines signed the treaty on Dec. 8, 2000, but the current administration has not sent the covenant to the Senate since she took office in 2001. The President negotiates treaties but it has no binding force on the Philippines unless the Senate concurs by a vote of two-thirds of all the members.

In October 2004, the Foreign Affairs Secretary, Alberto Romulo, said the government cannot push Senate ratification of the Rome Statute owing to serious problems on rebellion and terrorism in Mindanao. He said the executive committee tasked to study the ICC is concerned that police and military personnel assigned in the counterinsurgency and antiterrorism campaigns would be saddled with charges at the ICC by leftist human rights groups.
According to news reports on 23 June 2003, President Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo is reluctant to ask the Philippine Senate to ratify the Rome Statute.

In March 2003, members of the Philippine Coalition for the ICC, headed by Congresswoman Etta Rosales, submitted a petition for mandamus to the Philippine Supreme Court, urging the Executive Secretary and the Secretary of Foreign Affairs to immediately transmit the Rome Statute to the Senate for ratification.

On 24 January 2003, ratification of the Rome Statute was approved by the Department of Foreign Affairs.
An inter-agency task force was organized in 2001 to review the Rome Statute and make recommendations for ratification.

A Philippine Coalition on the ICC was formed after a national workshop on the ICC in 2001. The coalition promotes an education campaign as well as urges for speedy ratification.

Previously, the government was opposed to the non-inclusion of the death penalty. The Executive Branch had brought the treaty back to the Department of Justice, listing a number of contentious points.