Coalition for the International Criminal Court
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The Philippines
Rome Statute   The Philippines signed the Rome Statute on 28 December 2000 and ratified on 30 August 2011. The Philippines actively participated in the drafting of the Rome Statute during the Rome Conference of 1998, and signed the treaty on 28 December 2000. From them on, the Philippine Senate passed many resolutions filed by legislators urging ratification of the Rome Statute. Among these were the resolutions filed by Sen. Loren Legarda and Sen. Miriam Defensor Santiago in June 2001 and August 2006, urging the Executive to complete its ratification process so that the Philippines may benefit from the mandate of the ICC in ending impunity for war crimes, crimes against humanity and genocide. Steps towards ratifying the Rome Statute significantly progressed under the presidency of Benigno Aquino III and after the visit of ICC President Judge Sang Hyun Song in March 2011. The Instrument of Ratification of the treaty was signed by President Aquino on 6 May 2011 and submitted to the Senate for concurrence of at least two-thirds of its members. On 4 August 2011, Senate Resolution 546 ("Resolution Concurring in the Ratification of the Rome Statute of the ICC) was filed by the Senate Foreign Relations Committee. Committee Chair Sen. Loren Legarda and head of its subcommittee on the ICC, Sen. Miriam Defensor Santiago, delivered their sponsorship speeches on 16 August 2011, during which the resolution passed approval on second reading without amendments. The Philippine Senate made its vote of concurrence during a third and final reading on 23 August 2011.
Agreement on Privileges and Immunities The Philippines has not acceded to the Agreement on Privileges and Immunities.
Bilateral Immunity Agreement Signed on May 14, 2003. As a reaction to the administration’s use of an executive agreement instead of a new law passed by Congress, three lawsuits against the BIA have been filed by civil society groups.
Implementing Legislation After years of consistent lobbying by IHL, human rights and ICC advocates in the country, Republic Act 9851, also known as the International Humanitarian Law Bill, was finally signed into law by President Arroyo on December 11, 2009. The law provides a definition and penalties for IHL crimes, genocide and crimes against humanity. It also provides for criminal liability of commanders and other superiors under the principle of command responsibility; protection of civilians, non-combatants, witnesses as well as reparations to the victims. It further provides for the universal jurisdiction over persons, whether military or civilian, suspected or accused of the crimes defined and penalized under the law, and designates the regional trial court as having original and exclusive jurisdiction over the international crimes punishable under the law.

A Working Group on ICC Implementation consisting of representatives from relevant government agencies and civil society was convened in January 2012, initiated by the Institute for International Legal Studies, Law Center, University of the Philippines, in consultation with the CICC-Asia/Pacific. The six month- project is expected to produce draft implementation laws for submission to the relevant agency for approval. The Working Group hopes to complement existing laws to complete the requirements for the RS implementation law.
Membership Like-Minded Country, ASEAN
Audio Visual Resources
Enacted Legislation
Author Date and Title
Congress of The Philippines
15 Mar 2010
Republic Act No. 9851 - Act Defining And Penalizing Crimes Against International Humanitarian Law, Genocide And Other Crimes Against Humanity, Organizing Jurisdiction, Designating Special Courts, And For Related Purposes
Government and Inter-governmental Documents
Authorascending Date and Title
31 Aug 2011
Statement by High Representative Catherine Ashton on the ratification of the Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court by the Philippines
31 May 2010
Speeches During the General Debate at the Review Conference - Philippines
Dec 2011
Statement made during the 10th Assembly of States Parties- Philippines
NGO Letters, Papers, Reports, and Statements
Author Date and Title
18 June 2012
European Parliament adopts resolution on impunity in the Philippines
Philippine Coalition for the ICC (PCICC)
28 July 2011
Open letter to Senators in The Philippines- Rome Statute Ratification
CICC Asia Strategy Meeting
12 Apr 2011
Final Recommendations
06 Aug 2010
Open Letter: Commitments to justice and human rights require concrete actions
NGO Media Statements
Author Date and Title
Human Rights Watch
27 Oct 2015
Philippines Rebel Executions Violate International Law Human Rights Watch
Philippine Coalition For The International Criminal Court
02 July 2012
Celebrations of the International Criminal Court’s 10 th anniversary kicks off at the Philippine CHR
Human Rights Watch
27 June 2012
Philippines: Two Years Under Aquino, Abuses Go Unpunished
Human Rights Watch
21 May 2012
Philippines: UN Rights Body to Assess Manila’s Record
Human Rights Watch
31 Jan 2012
Philippines: Arrest Ex-General Accused of ‘Disappearances’
30 Aug 2011
Global Civil Society Coalition Welcomes the Philippines as the 117th State Party to the International Criminal Court
30 Aug 2011
The Philippines deposited its Instrument of Ratification today with the UN Office of Legal Affairs at the presence of Senate Foreign Relations Committee Chairperson Loren Legarda