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Budget and Finance Background
Budget and Finance Background
(l-r) Jonathan O’Donohue (AI), John Washburn (AMICC), and Marieke Wierda (ICTJ) discuss ICC issues as part of the CICC Budget and Finance Team.
How is the ICC budget developed and approved?
This process is governed by the Financial Rules and Regulations, as adopted by the ASP at its First Session. The Court, under the coordination of the Registrar, produces a draft budget. The draft budget is considered and commented upon by the Committee on Budget and Finance (CBF), which meets twice a year, once before the meeting of the Assembly of States Parties (ASP) to consider the draft budget and once to consider other financial matters. The ASP then considers the budget and the recommendations of the CBF and adopts the final budget.

The budget for 2011 was €103,607,900 and the proposed programme budget for 2012, as will be under consideration by the ASP at its tenth session in December 2011, is €.117,733,000.

The Committee on Budget and Finance of the International Criminal Court
The Committee on Budget and Finance, which is composed of 12 members, is responsible for the technical examination of any document submitted to the Assembly that contains financial or budgetary implications or any other matter of financial, budgetary or administrative nature, as may be entrusted to it by the Assembly of States Parties. The members of the Committee are experts of recognized standing and experience in financial matters at the international level from States Parties.

Who pays for the budget?
The States Parties to the Rome Statute, i.e. the members of the Assembly of States Parties share the costs of the ICC budget. How much each State Party pays is decided according to a system developed by the United Nations, whereby the contribution percentage per State Party is calculated according to their financial situation. It is of utmost importance for the financial stability of the Court that States Parties pay their contributions in full and on time, i.e. on 1 January of each financial year.

Why is the budget of the ICC important to NGOs?
In many ways, the budget of the ICC sets the framework for the functioning of the ICC. Through the budget, the ASP decides how much resource it allows the Court to have in implementing its mandate under the Rome Statute. As observers to the ASP and as partners to the Court (with regards to many areas of the work), NGOs have an interest in ensuring that the Court’s budget enables it to conduct its core functions effectively, including, but not limited to, investigations, outreach, victims and witnesses protection, legal representation, etc.